Great Ways to Start a Sentence

Here you will find a useful list of common sentence starters that you can use in an English discussion as well as in essay writing. Learn these sentence starters to improve your English speaking and writing skills.


22 Ways To Combat Garden Pests Naturally

A healthy garden attracts all kinds of pests—raccoons, rabbits, beetles, to name just a few. We’ve compiled a list of 22 tried-and-true strategies to combat them without the use of harsh pesticides.

Banish Japanese Beetles with Garden Lime

Dust green beans with garden lime to repel Japanese beetles.

Use Food-Grade Diatomaceous Earth

Food-Grade diatomaceous earth acts as a natural, abrasive barrier to crawling insects like stinkbugs. Sprinkle food-grade diatomaceous earth beneath growing watermelon, cantaloupe, squash, and all fruits and vegetables resting on the ground, as well as on plant leaves.

Adios, Aphids

Aphids and grasshoppers can wreak havoc in flowerbeds and vegetable gardens. Try this: blend 2-4 hot peppers, 1 mild green pepper, and 1 small onion, and a one-quart jar of water. Pour mixture into a spray bottle and apply as needed.

Want to repel deer, raccoon, skunk? Click the link below.

Written by Deborah Tukua for Farmer’s Almanac©

Source and link: 22 Ways To Combat Garden Pests Naturally – Farmers’ Almanac (

Support pollinators with cheerful viola flowers

Roses are red, violets are blue and they have also earned top honors being named Plant of the Year by the International Herb Association. Every year, the association selects plants that are considered outstanding for decorative, culinary, or medicinal use. This year, they have selected Viola, a genus of flowering plants.

With their brightly-colored blooms that resemble cheerful faces peeking out of the foliage, Violas make a great addition to any early-season container or garden plantings. Blooms can be found in a variety of colors, including solids, bicolor, and mixes.

In the language of flowers, a common practice in the Victorian era that allowed messages and emotions to be shared with others, Violas symbolize thoughts filled with love. It is also the birth flower of those born in February.

Members of the genus Viola – including pansies, violets, and Johnny jump ups – are cool-season plants that grow best in spring and fall. They should be planted in areas with morning sun and moist, well-drained soils. As the weather warms in late May and June, many cool-season plants will fade out and stop blooming but can be moved to a cool, shady place in the garden to extend their growing season.

Violas are also great for pollinators. These cool-season annuals supply early spring pollinators with much-needed nectar.

In early March, pollinators emerge looking for food sources to survive. There are very few flowering plants at that time, except spring-blooming bulbs like grape hyacinth and crocus. Planting cool-season annuals provide an important addition to their spring diet. Johnny jump up flowers even have thin dark stripes that serve as guides for the pollinators to find nectar as they visit the flowers and pollinate other flowering plants by transferring pollen.

When planting Violas in spring or fall containers, add interesting twigs, like birch, contorted filbert, or curly willow to the center of containers. These elements add height and interest to the arrangement of low-growing flowers. If planting these annuals in-ground, group them in large masses to create waves of color amongst shrubs, ornamental grasses, or perennials.

An added bonus to including pansies or violets in the garden is that the flowers can be harvested and added as a colorful edible garnish to soups, salads, and desserts. They can also be candied for a sweet treat. If you plan on eating the flowers, raise them without chemical treatment.

Past International Herb Association Plants of the Year to also consider planting in your garden are parsley (Petroselinum), anise hyssop (Agastache ssp.), coriander/cilantro (Coriandrum sativum), and savory (Saturea ssp.).

By Horticulture Educator Brittnay Haag 

Source: Gardeners Corner Summer 2022: University of Illinois Extension

How to Make Pineapple Water

There are two common ways to make pineapple water. The most popular version infuses water with fresh pineapple chunks, and the other version blends freshly cut pineapple with water and strains out the pulp.

© Lazartivan/Getty Images

To make the infused kind, begin by choosing a ripe pineapple, which will offer more sweetness.

“First, find the fruit with the sweetest fragrance,” says Nicole Stefanow, RDN, a dietitian in the New York City area. “Second, tug at a leaf from the crown. If it detaches easily, that’s a telltale sign that the pineapple is ready to be sliced.”

Then chop up some pineapple, and steep it in water. The longer you steep, the more flavor you’ll get. And, of course, add ice if desired.

Consider opting for this base recipe: one chopped pineapple, one gallon of water, and one gallon of ice.

Benefits of pineapple water

It’s hydrating

“The most important health benefit of pineapple water is it provides hydration, which is vital for our bodies to function properly,” Stefanow says.

The average U.S. adult drinks less than five cups of water per day. This is much less than the recommended intake of 15.5 cups for men and 11.5 cups a day. So Americans can use any help getting in their daily quota of water.

“Adding a sweet flavor like pineapple to water can make drinking water more appealing and palatable to someone who may not be meeting their hydration needs with plain water alone,” adds Stefanow.

It helps immunity

“Besides being a refreshing and hydrating alternative to plain water, pineapple water may provide a sweet little immunity boost,” says Stefanow.

“Pineapple is a great source of vitamin C and manganese, which both play an important part in immune function.”

Indeed, per a cup of pineapple, you get 79 milligrams of vitamin C. This is 88 percent of the DV for vitamin C and 67 percent of the DV for manganese.

It’s helps reduce inflammation

Pineapple contains bromelain, a group of enzymes. “Drinking pineapple water may help people with chronic inflammation, as bromelain is water-soluble and known to have anti-inflammatory effects in the body,” says Lebovitz.

Bromelain provides other anti-inflammatory benefits, too. “Research suggests that bromelain may even decrease nasal inflammation in people suffering from acute sinusitis and may shorten the duration of symptoms,” says Stefanow.

It helps cut added sugar intake

It’s no secret that most soda contains added sugar. So if it’s the carbonation you love, making a fizzy pineapple water may satisfy your soda craving.

“Fruit-infused sparkling water is a satisfying low-sugar, low-calorie alternative to soda with the same gratifying fizz,” says Stefanow. Replacing sugary drinks with this alternative is a plus.

It may help digestion

“Pineapple is packed with natural digestive enzymes that help our bodies break down food,” says Stefanow. “Sipping on pineapple water between meals can help support healthy digestion.”

Written by Amy Gorin, MS, RDN for The Healthy©

Source: 5 Benefits of Pineapple Water and How to Make It (

12 Things That Could Be Getting Your Luggage Flagged by TSA

Get to your gate quicker by knowing what TSA looks for. To help, we rounded up the items, substances, and packing strategies (or lack thereof) that are getting your luggage flagged by the TSA, causing your things to be tossed at security checkpoints or simply adding time to this not-so-fun part of your travel experience

©EvgeniyShkolenko/Getty Images

Bringing too much liquid

Liquids, gels, and pastes (including toothpaste) can’t exceed one 3.4-ounce container each (aside from these 12 items), per the TSA. Consumables must also comply with the rule if you’re carrying your luggage on board, however they can be packed in any quantities in checked luggage. All of these must fit into a one-quart bag (again, this is only for carry-ons). Only one bag is allowed per traveler. Exceptions include baby formula, medications, and other items for special-needs travelers. 

Liquid medications

You’re allowed to bring clearly labeled prescriptions in your carry-on, per the TSA, which you should always do, just in case your other luggage gets lost or delayed. Additionally, you can bring medication in liquid form that’s more than 3.4 ounces—and you don’t even need to put it into a resealable bag, unlike other liquids. However, you must tell the TSA officer that you have these medically necessary liquids before your search, as they will likely require additional screening. 

Wrapped gifts

This is the worst: You spent hours perfectly wrapping presents, only for TSA officers to rip through them at security. To avoid this miserable situation, they recommend simply popping your gifts into gift bags or gift boxes so they can be easily checked, or keeping them unwrapped for now and bringing the wrapping paper with you.

To view the complete list, click the link below.

Source: 12 Things That Could Be Getting Your Luggage Flagged by TSA (

Tips for harvesting garden vegetables

Whether you started your first garden this year or are a veteran grower, we’re coming up on the heart of harvest season. One of the advantages of homegrown vegetables is that you can harvest produce at its peak quality and flavor.

But knowing when to harvest a crop can be difficult, especially if it’s your first time growing it.

Photo by Ken Johnson.

General Harvest Tips

  • Harvest in the morning: Almost all vegetables are best when harvested early in the morning. If you can’t harvest in the morning, keep produce out of direct sunlight and cool as soon as possible.
  • Harvest when plants are dry: When it comes time to harvest your vegetables, make sure plants are dry. If you harvest while plants are wet, you risk spreading diseases. It’s also important to handle plants with care and avoid damaging them.
  • Use pruners: Damaged areas can provide openings for diseases to enter. If the vegetables you are trying to harvest don’t easily come off, cut them off with a knife or pruners to avoid damaging the plant.

Snap or green beans should be picked when the pods are fully grown but before the seeds have started to get large. The beans should be crisp and snap easily. When picking, break off the stem above the cap and harvest frequently.

Cucumbers should be harvested before their skin turns yellow and the seeds become hard. The size of the cucumber will vary depending on the type. Pickling cucumbers are usually picked when they are between 2 and 6 inches long. Slicing pickles should be picked at 6 to 8 inches long and burpless should be 1 to 1½ inches in diameter and up to 10 inches long. Cucumbers develop quickly, so plants may need to be checked every other day.

Peppers can be harvested at any size. Green bell peppers are typically picked when they are mature and about 3 to 4 inches long, firm, and green. If you are growing colored bell peppers, wait until the fruits change color. One way to tell if the fruit is mature is that they will easily break off of plants when picked. Hot peppers can also be picked at any stage but are typically picked when fully ripe. The mature color of the fruit will be different depending on the variety.

Summer squash (straightneck, crookneck, or zucchini) should be harvested when they are small and tender. Pick when the fruits are 2 inches or less in diameter and 6 to 8 inches long. “When growing conditions are favorable, you may need to harvest every other day or daily,” Johnson says.

Winter squash (acorn, butternut, pumpkins) can be harvested when the fruits have turned a deep, solid color, no longer have a glossy appearance, and the rind is hard. Leave at least 2 inches of stem attached and harvest all squash before heavy frosts arrive.

Tomatoes are at their best quality when allowed to ripen on the vine. Tomatoes should be firm and fully colored. During hot conditions, 90°F, tomatoes will quickly soften, and color development is reduced. During these conditions, pick tomatoes when they begin to develop color and ripen them indoors. If plants still have fruit on them in fall, you can harvest mature green fruit before the first frost and ripen them indoors.  

Source: By Horticulture Educator Ken Johnson Gardeners Corner Summer 2022: University of Illinois Extension

What Is Freevee? How to Start Watching It

Cord cutters have no shortage of places to watch movies and television shows online. Between the paid options such as Netflix and Hulu and the endless number of free services, it’s possible to find just about any content that you want to watch.

© Provided by MUO

However, one service that people frequently overlook is Freevee (formerly IMDb TV). Possibly because they’ve never heard of it. What is Freevee? Who can use it? What type of content is available? And is it worth your time? Let’s take a closer look.

What Is Freevee?

Freevee is an entirely free service for watching TV shows and movies. The service has been owned by Amazon since Bezos’ company bought IMDb in 2020, and it underwent a rebrand from IMDb TV to Freevee in April 2022.

This is the third name change for the service, which was initially launched as IMDb Freedive at the start of 2019.

The content on Freevee is ad-supported, so you’ll have to sit through the interludes at the beginning, and during the videos you watch. There is no way to pay to remove the ads, and the ads are unskippable.

Where Is Freevee Available?

At the time of this writing, users in the USA, UK, and Germany can use the service. More countries are set to come online in the coming months.

Which Devices Can You Watch Freevee On?

At one point in time, the only operating system with an app was Amazon’s FireOS. Now, however, the official Freevee app is available for Android and Apple devices, Amazon Fire TV, Android TV, Apple TV, Roku, LG smart TVs, Xbox, and PlayStation. You can also watch Freevee through any web browser by visiting its site.

What TV Shows and Movies Are Available on Freevee?

Since the rebrand to Freevee, even more content has come online. At the time of writing, you can watch Bosch: Legacy, Top Class, America’s Test Kitchen: The Next Generation, and Black Beauty.

Of course, it still cannot compete with some of its other free competitors like Peacock TV and Crackle, but Freevee is still a solid app to keep in your streaming armory.

If you can’t find what you are looking for, keep an eye on the listings. Freevee is adding new content all the time. Plus, Freevee also offers live programs you can watch in real-time.

How to Find Content to Watch on Freevee

The homepage offers some broad seasonal categories, as well as various “Most Popular” categories. You will also find the broad genre categories that are commonplace on most streaming apps.

You can quickly tell whether a movie or TV show is available on Freevee when you’re using IMDb’s website directory. If the title is on offer, you will see a prominent link labeled “Watch for Free on Freevee” that you can click on.

Are There Watchlists on Freevee?

The only other significant feature worth mentioning is the presence of watchlists. Watchlists are one area where Freevee excels. The service leans heavily on the IMDb database of content to provide much better watchlist usability than services like Netflix and Hulu.

You can order your shows by rating, runtime, number of user ratings, your own ratings, popularity, and IMDb ratings. You can also easily filter by either movies or TV series, rather than having everything in a single list.

Is Freevee Worth Using?

So, is Freevee worth your time? We’re never going to turn down another way to watch free content, but at the time of writing, Freevee still feels like it’s still a work in progress (which, of course, it is).

The issues with content navigation and parental controls need to be resolved. Similarly, even though some decent shows and movies are on offer, the size of the library needs to be expanded before it becomes a viable alternative to some of its competitors.

Like everyone else, we hope that the latest rebrand finally sees the app fulfill its potential. It is hard not to feel like it is in the last chance saloon.

Written by Dan Price for MUO©

Source: What Is Freevee? How to Start Watching It (

Note: I’ve discovered that Midsomer Murders is available on Freevee, and, it has cc available. Check it out!

National Donut Day Friday June 3, 2022 Worksheet

Don’t touch that donut until you complete this assignment. Finish it and then enjoy that yummy donut. Here we go….

Start by reading these 2 paragraphs.

The Challenge:

To check your answers, reread the 2 paragraphs. Then, go ahead and treat yourself.

Source: Microsoft Word – donut_day.doc (