Groundhog Day Lesson



by  & Wikipedia

February 2 is Groundhog Day. Groundhogs are small brown furry animals. They live in burrows in the ground, and they eat grass, berries, and other vegetation. Groundhog Day is based on folklore. The folklore is that if the groundhog comes out of its hole and sees its shadow then there will be six more weeks of winter weather. But if the groundhog comes out of its hole and doesn’t see its shadow, then there will be an early spring

The Groundhog Day ceremony is held at Punxsutawney in western Pennsylvania, centering around a semi-mythical groundhog named Punxsutawney Phil, has become the most attended.  Grundsow Lodges in Pennsylvania Dutch Country in the southeastern part of the state celebrate them as well. Other cities in the United States and Canada have also adopted the event.

How much do you know about groundhogs ?  Try this matching quiz to test your knowledge.


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Lakers bring in grief counselors following Kobe Bryant’s death

By Vincent Frank, Sportsnaut

We were reminded the hard way on Sunday that NBA players are much more than those who provide highlight-reel plays on the court. Following the tragic death of Los Angeles Lakers legend Kobe Bryant at the age of 41 in an helicopter accident, this became all too real.

a group of people standing around a table

Sandy Hooper-USA TODAY via Imagn

One day after the fact, many people are still having a hard time processing the tragedy.

The Lakers are doing what they can to help their employees. That includes the organization bringing in grief counselors to help, both in one-on-one and group settings.

This is the right way to do things. Lakers players will be forced to take to the court against the Los Angeles Clippers on Tuesday. No matter what transpires between now than then, they will do so with heavy hearts.

At the very least, some professionals can help the likes of LeBron James and Co. continue with their grieving process.

Bryant was among nine killed in Southern California late Sunday morning, along with his daughter Gianna.

Our thoughts continue to go out to the Bryant family, the Lakers organization and the families of those impacted by the tragedy.

Martin Luther King Jr. Day–Monday Jan. 20

Martin Luther King press conference 01269u edit.jpg

Doctor King in 1964

Martin Luther King Jr. was the chief spokesperson for nonviolent activism in the Civil Rights Movement, which successfully protested racial discrimination in federal and state law. His most famous speech was “I have a Dream” and was the youngest man to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.  He was murdered at the age of 39.  The campaign for a federal holiday in King’s honor began soon after his death in 1968. President Ronald Reagan signed the holiday into law in 1983, and it was first observed three years later. At first, some states resisted observing the holiday as such, giving it alternative names or combining it with other holidays. It was officially observed in all 50 states for the first time in 2000.

The national Martin Luther King Day of Service was started by former Pennsylvania U.S. Senator Harris Wofford and Atlanta Congressman John Lewis, who co-authored the King Holiday and Service Act. The federal legislation challenges Americans to transform the King Holiday into a day of citizen action volunteer service in honor of King.



Images of the civil rights struggle


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See the source image



Columbus Day Lesson


Columbus Day Lesson

Columbus Day Lesson


Columbus Day is on October 12, but it is sometimes celebrated on the second Monday in October. It is a federal holiday, so post offices and federal government offices are closed. Schools in some districts are open while in other districts they are closed. Columbus Day celebrates the 1492 landing of Christopher Columbus on San Salvador Island in the Bahamas. The Bahamas are part of the Americas. Christopher Columbus is also called Cristoforo Colombo and Cristóbal Colón. This short lesson reviews basic facts about Columbus for K-12 and ESL students. (3 pages)

Christopher Columbus - Portrait Who was Christopher Columbus?

    • He was an Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492.
    • Columbus “discovered America” when he landed on San Salvador Island in the Bahamas.
  • He was not the first European to visit America, but his visit led to the Spanish colonization of the area, which encourage other European countries to also colonize the area.
Columbus Landing in the New World What was Columbus looking for?

    • He was looking for a sea route to Asia.
    • European merchants traveled across the land to get silk, spices, and opiates from China and India.
  • Columbus thought he could find a faster route to Asia.


King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain Who financed Columbus’s voyage?

  • King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain financed his trip.
Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria How many ships made the voyage to the New World?

  • There were three ships in Columbus’s small fleet: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
  • Columbus sailed on the Santa Maria, which was the largest of the three ships.
Map of the Bahamas Where did Columbus and his men first land?

  • They landed on an island in the Bahamas. Columbus called the place San Salvador.
  • Columbus thought he and his men had reached the East-Asian mainland.


Replica of the Flag on the Santa Maria Why did the King and Queen of Spain sponsor Columbus’s voyage?

  • They wanted to increase Spain’s power and wealth by establishing new trade routes and new colonies.
  • Columbus made four trips to the New World.
Indians - Native Americans What did Columbus call the inhabitants of North America?

  • He thought he was in India, so he called them Indians.
Burial Place for Christopher Columbus - Cathedral of Seville When did Christopher Columbus die?

  • He died on May 20, 1506. He was about 55 years old.
  • He is buried in the Cathedral of Seville in Spain.
  • Some experts believe that a mistake was made and that his remains are in Santo Domingo.




Constitution Day – September 17, 2019

Constitution Day 2019

On September 17, 1787, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention met for the last time to sign the document they had created. We encourage all Americans to observe this important day in our nation’s history by attending local events in your area. Celebrate Constitution Day through activities, learning, parades and demonstrations of our Love for the United State of America and the Blessings of Freedom Our Founding Fathers secured for us.

To view or read the Constitution, click here:

To view or read the Amendments to the Constitution, click here:

D-Day June 6–75 year Anniversary

On June 6, 1944, more than 150,000 American, British and Canadian troops landed on the shores of northern France as part of D-Day, a major turning point in World War II that helped lead to the defeat of Nazi forces in Europe. About 2,500 of the 73,000 U.S. soldiers who fought in the battle died. Even at that time, the soldiers understood the Normandy invasion was pivotal to winning the war, a do or die situation.

Allied land forces came from the United States, Britain, Canada, and Free French forces. In the weeks following the invasion, Polish forces and contingents from Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece and the Netherlands participated in the ground campaign; most also provided air and naval support alongside elements of the Royal Australian Air Force, the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and the Royal Norwegian Navy.

Into the Jaws of Death 23-0455M edit.jpg

Into the jaws of death. The U.S. Coast Guard caption identifies the unit as Company E, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division.

quick facts

Photo U.S. Army/National Archives

The town of Caen, France, after being taken by Allied forces, July 17, 1944.

The town of Caen, France freed by the Allies.   AP Images

The dreadful cost of victory:


Reflecting Pool at Normandy American Cemetery in France

Normandy cemetary

Normandy American Cemetery is the final resting place to more than 9,000 Americans that gave their lives in World War II.



April Fool’s Day–Monday April 1, 2019

April Fools’ Day is a yearly observance on the first of April during which pranks and silly behavior are socially sanctioned and merriment is supposed to reign. Customary practices range from simple practical jokes played on friends, family, and coworkers to elaborate media hoaxes concocted for mass consumption.

It’s a day of sanctioned pranks and gags, jests and jokes and hoaxes. Dating back hundreds of years and recognized in countries all over the world, April Fools’ Day (a.k.a. All Fools’ Day) gives credible media sources an excuse to produce “fake news” and radio DJs permission to hoodwink their loyal listeners.

Whether it’s strategically placed whoopee cushions, or elaborately concocted tall tales told to trick others, April Fools’ Day jokers mark the day on their calendar annually, so beware April 1 or be fooled.

Do you partake in April Fool’s Day pranks ?

What Life Was Like 100 Years Ago Compared to Now

By Caroline Picard & Good Housekeeping

Unbelievable photo’s from 100 years ago.  How far we have come.

Slide 1 of 29: This year has brought us sloth pool floats, a couple known as J-Rod, and masked celebrities singing in monster costumes, but all of these concepts would sound totally foreign a century ago. Back in 1919, Americans drove their Model T's to see silent movies and dealt with new-fangled inventions toasters and zippers. It's safe to say a lot has changed since then.

This year has brought us sloth pool floats, a couple known as J-Rod, and masked celebrities singing in monster costumes, but all of these concepts would sound totally foreign a century ago. Back in 1919, Americans drove their Model T’s to see silent movies and dealt with new-fangled inventions toasters and zippers. It’s safe to say a lot has changed since then.

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