Why Do We Celebrate President’s Day?

The holiday’s official name is Washington’s Birthday

USA, New York City, Washington Square Park, George Washington monument with American flag in background

Tetra Images / Getty Images

By Patti Wigington &  Thoughtco.com

President’s Day was established in 1832 to celebrate George Washington’s centennial. The annual holiday, which now falls on the third Monday of February, later evolved into a celebration of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday as well, and eventually turned into a day to mark the birthdays and lives of all American presidents—although the holiday’s name was never officially changed to President’s Day.

The First Presidents’ Day

The origins of Presidents’ Day date back to the early nineteenth century, and it all started with George Washington. The first American president was born on February 11, 1731. As the centennial anniversary of his birth approached, Congress announced that festivities in Washington’s honor would be held on February 22, 1832. Why the change in dates?

The answer lies in the history of the modern calendar. Washington’s birth took place before 1752, which was the year that Britain and all of its colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar. Thus, Washington’s birthday now fell on February 22, 1732, which meant that a century later, in 1832—instead of 1831—it was time to celebrate. Festivities took place all over the country, including the early adjournment of the Congressional session, followed by the reading of Washington’s 1796 Farewell Address, which has become an annual tradition.

In 1879, Congress passed a bill declaring that February 22, long celebrated as Washington’s birthday, would be designated a federal holiday. At that time, Congress added February 22 to the list of official holidays observed by federal employees in the District of Columbia.

This presented a problem initially, though—some government employees were paid for the day off, but others weren’t. In 1885, Congress solved that issue by declaring that all federal employees, including those employed outside of Washington D.C., were to be paid for all federal holidays.

The Uniform Monday Holiday Act

In 1968, Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which moved a number of federal holidays to Mondays. This change was adopted so that workers would have several three-day weekends throughout each year, but there was opposition from people who felt that holidays should be observed on the days they actually celebrate.

According to historian C.L. Arbelbide, the Congressional Record highlighted three primary benefits of this change, aimed specifically at families:

  • “Three-day holidays offer greater opportunities for families—especially those whose members may be widely separated—to get together. . . .”
  • “The three-day span of leisure time . . . would allow our citizens greater participation in their hobbies as well as in educational and cultural activities.”
  • “Monday holidays would improve commercial and industrial production by minimizing midweek holiday interruptions of production schedules and reducing employee absenteeism before and after midweek holidays.”

The Uniform Holiday Act went into effect in January, 1971, and declared “Washington’s Birthday, the third Monday in February,” as a legal public holiday.

During discussion about the new act, it was suggested that Washington’s Birthday should be renamed Presidents’ Day in order to honor the birthdays of both Washington and Abraham Lincoln, born on February 12, 1809. However, Congress rejected the name alteration and it was never officially changed. So, why do people still call it Presidents’ Day?

The Meaning of Presidents’ Day Today

You can thank your friendly neighborhood retailer for the use of the term Presidents’ Day. It’s become one of the most popular times of year for sales. While this might seem like an odd season to decide you need to run out and buy a new mattress or a dresser, there’s actually a reason behind the tradition of Presidents’ Day sales on big-ticket items: it’s when people are starting to get their income tax refunds.

Although there have been attempts over the years to formally start calling Washington’s Birthday by its more common name of Presidents’ Day, it’s never happened. In addition, states have the power to call it Presidents’ Day if they wish—the use of the name Washington’s Birthday is found at a federal level. No matter what you choose to call it, if you’re a federal government employee, you’ll get the third Monday in February off each year.

https://www.thoughtco.com/why-do-we-celebrate-presidents-day-4589624

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Oprah Winfrey’s $90 Million Montecito Home

 

I wonder if this was Oprah’s Valentine’s Day gift to herself.  Enjoy !

An aerial view shows Oprah's Montecito mansion.

The Promised Land

Oprah called her property the Promised Land, named after the land that God gave Adam in the Old Testament. Her main home is a 23,000-square-foot mansion in the Neo-Georgian style. It contains six bedrooms, 14 bathrooms, a library, theater, and ten fireplaces.

The property also has a fruit orchard, equestrian ring, and luxurious garden. Oprah has called this garden her “sanctuary.” However, she has never demonstrated an interest in training horses in her equestrian ring.

An aerial view shows Oprah's home in Montecito.

The Property

To get to Oprah’s house, you’d have to drive up a long, private driveway. This aerial view shows the home surrounded by lush lawns and pine, eucalyptus, ad oak trees. Although there is a pool, you can’t see it from this angle.

The First Thing That Visitors See

If you were to walk into Oprah’s Montecito home, this is the first thing you would see. The entrance hall includes antique tables that display Oprah’s personal photos. A custard-colored staircase spirals to the upper floors.

Oprah's entrance includes a yellow staircase with a painting and personal photos displayed.

For anyone who likes this layout, Oprah has bad news. In 2013, she suggested that she was planning to remodel the entrance hall. If she has redone it, she hasn’t posted any updated photos. Time will tell if she kept the creamy yellow staircase.

An Elegant Dining Room

Compared to the rest of her house, Oprah’s dining room appears small. But Oprah actually believes that it is too big. In O, Oprah said that she wanted “dinners to reflect my heart and spirit.” She also wants a space to be homey enough for “people to feel free to ask for seconds!”

Oprah's dining room has a table that seats up to ten people.

The dining table seats up to ten people and holds two dramatic candelabras.

Cooking With Oprah

Oprah enjoys several different design styles, and her kitchen is an example of this. Unlike other rooms, the kitchen has a rustic style with chicken statues and gentle, wood-colored walls. The wall behind the stove brings in some Tuscan elements.

Oprahs kitchen shows an island, counter, and fireplace.

A Closet That Many Would Dream About

This is only a portion of Oprah’s massive Montecito closet. If you’ve ever wondered how many outfits she has, now you know. Shelves upon shelves of shoes, cardigans, shirts, and purses create no shortage of fashionable options to wear.

A peek inside Oprah's closet shoes shoes, clothes, and bags neatly stored.

Like the rest of her home, Oprah shows off her design and organization skills here. Her shoes and clothing are mainly color-coded. Oak shelves are bathed in a warm light that makes it feel like a studio. And of course, there’s a TV for entertainment.

Orpah’s Preferred Bathtub

During a 1998 interview with Vogue, Oprah expressed how she spend much time looking for the best quality bathtub. “I majored in bathtubs,” she joked. So it’s no surprise that her tub at Montecito is luxurious.

An opulant bathtub is in Oprah's bathroom at her Montecito estate.

Oprah mentioned that her love of bathrooms came from childhood when she had to clean her family’s single bathtub. Her Montecito bathroom includes a huge circular bathtub and a roomy shower with a seat. And that view of the Santa Ynez mountains is to die for!

A More Muted Living Room

Compared to the other living room, this room’s design is tame. Coral walls and olive green couches are easier on the eyes than the plaid. However, the sheer amount of decorations and ornate pillows adds quite a bit of detail to this room.

One of Oprah's living rooms has coral-colored walls and green couches.

Oprah’s Sanctuary

When Oprah bought her Montecito property, it came with a structure built for a rose garden. But that didn’t suit Winfrey’s taste, according to Veranda. Instead, she adorned her garden with lilies, dahlias, daffodils, irises, and honey dijon.

Oprah's garden features hedge arches, flowers, and wooden arches.

Oprah’s garden was designed by the rose expert Dan Bifano, who also worked for Tom Ford and Barbra Streisand. The entire garden features networks of arches, cypresses, and hedges. It’s no wonder why Oprah called her garden a “sanctuary.”

A $3 Million Statue

If a visitor were to walk the paths around Oprah’s estate, they would come upon an unusual bronze statue. The artwork is called Grupo de quarto Mujeres de Pie and it was made by the Mexican painter and sculptor, Fransisco Zuniga. Reportedly, Oprah paid around $3.1 million for it.

Oprahs statue, the Grupo de quarto mujeres de pie, stands in her yard.

When translated, the statue is called “A Group of Four Standing Women.” Each of the women represents a different stage of life.

Sorry, Oprah didn’t share her bedroom photo’s with us, but there is much more to see at:

http://www.buzznet.com/2019/12/peek-inside-oprahs-montecito-mansion//18/

Photo credit:   YouTube/The Classy

Abraham Lincoln for ESL Students

Abraham Lincoln with Civil War Advisors

by http://www.elcivics.com

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He is one of our most famous and important presidents. His picture is on the American penny and on the five dollar bill. Many cities, streets, and schools are named after him. In this lesson, you will see pictures of Abraham Lincoln, the Civil War, and the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. I hope you enjoy learning about this famous American. (3 pages)

White House in mid 1800s Who is Abraham Lincoln?

    • Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States.
  • He was president from 1860-1865.
Sample of a Log Cabin When was Abraham Lincoln born?

    • He was born on February 12, 1809.
  • He was born in a log cabin in Kentucky. His family was poor.
American Civil War Gettysburg, 1863 What war was fought when Lincoln was president?

    • The Civil War was fought when Lincoln was president. It was a war between the North and the South.
  • The North won the war.
Slave Peter Was Beaten by His Master with a Whip What happened after the Civil War?

  • After the Civil War, the slaves were freed and the United States become united again.

Which Amendment freed the slaves?

  • The 13th Amendment freed the slaves.
Ford's Theater Where Lincoln Was Shot When did President Lincoln die?

    • He died on April 15, 1865. He was 56 years old.
  • An actor named John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the back of his head when he was at the Ford Theater in Washington,  D.C.

 

Lincoln's Tomb Where is Abraham Lincoln buried?

    • He is buried in Springfield, Illinois.
  • His wife Mary and three of their four sons are also buried there.

 

The Lincoln Memorial Where is the Lincoln Memorial?

 

Abraham Lincoln Statue Inside Lincoln Monument Was Abraham Lincoln a great president?

    • Yes, he was.
  • He will be remembered forever.
www.elcivics.com

Best and Worst Moments of the 2020 Oscars

Truth be told, I didn’t watch (not really my thing).  If you didn’t either, here’s a short summary:

BestBillie Eilish Sings “Yesterday”

Slide 14 of 15: Best: Billie Eilish Sings "Yesterday"
Billie Eilish sang the classic Beatles song while her brother Fineas accompanied her on piano, as a montage of all the stars we've lost this year played behind them.

Billie Eilish sang the classic Beatles song while her brother Finneas accompanied her on piano, as a montage of all the stars we’ve lost this year played behind them.

Best: Cynthia Erivo Performing “Stand Up” from “Harriet”

Slide 11 of 15: Best: Cynthia Erivo Performing "Stand Up" from "Harriet"
A chillingly beautiful performance by the twice-nominated "Harriet" actress, complete with high notes that could break glass and desert-colored backup dancers swaying in front of a sunset -- emblazoned with a photo of Harriet Tubman herself. 

A chillingly beautiful performance by the twice-nominated “Harriet” actress, complete with high notes that could break glass and desert-colored backup dancers swaying in front of a sunset — emblazoned with a photo of Harriet Tubman herself. 

Worst: Diane Keaton and Keanu Reeves

Slide 7 of 15: Worst: Diane Keaton and Keanu Reeves
Though they were in "Something's Gotta Give" together, that doesn't make them a good Oscar-presenter duo. Keaton babbled incomprehensibly while standing directly in front of the mic, forcing Reeves to stand awkwardly to the side and barely get a word in edgewise. Then Keaton almost dropped the envelope when announcing "Parasite" as the winner for best original screenplay. The only thing that salvaged the moment was Bong Joon Ho staring lovingly at his Oscar.

Though they were in “Something’s Gotta Give” together, that doesn’t make them a good Oscar-presenter duo. Keaton babbled incomprehensibly while standing directly in front of the mic, forcing Reeves to stand awkwardly to the side and barely get a word in edgewise. Then Keaton almost dropped the envelope when announcing “Parasite” as the winner for best original screenplay. The only thing that salvaged the moment was Bong Joon Ho staring lovingly at his Oscar.

Worst: “The Conners” Crash the Oscars

Slide 8 of 15: Worst: "The Conners" Crash the Oscars
After a commercial break, the camera went behind the couch of the family from the "Roseanne" spinoff series to capture their reactions to "Parasite's" big win, at which point they realize they're watching themselves on TV. Too bad literally all of their jokes fell flat. Here's one of Sara Gilbert's lamest quips: "Oh yeah, can't wait to watch how to elect a millionaire while I superglue the sole back on my shoe."

After a commercial break, the camera went behind the couch of the family from the “Roseanne” spinoff series to capture their reactions to “Parasite’s” big win, at which point they realize they’re watching themselves on TV. Too bad literally all of their jokes fell flat. Here’s one of Sara Gilbert’s lamest quips: “Oh yeah, can’t wait to watch how to elect a millionaire while I superglue the sole back on my shoe.”

Best/Worst: James Corden and Rebel Wilson in Cat Suits

Slide 12 of 15: Best/Worst: James Cordon and Rebel Wilson in Cat Suits
This could be the best or the worst, depending on how you feel about "Cats." The pair came out dressed in furry cat-suits and poorly-done makeup to make fun of themselves before announcing the winner for the best visual effects award. "As cast members of the motion picture cats," Wilson said, "Nobody more than us understands the importance of good visual effects," finished Corden. Then they batted around the mic stand in true feline fashion. 

This could be the best or the worst, depending on how you feel about “Cats.” The pair came out dressed in furry cat-suits and poorly-done makeup to make fun of themselves before announcing the winner for the best visual effects award. “As cast members of the motion picture cats,” Wilson said, “Nobody more than us understands the importance of good visual effects,” finished Corden. Then they batted around the mic stand in true feline fashion. 

There you have it, the best, worst and best/worst for 2020.  See you next year !

Photo credit:  Getty & ABC

https://www.msn.com/en-us/movies/oscars/14-best-and-worst-moments-of-the-2020-oscars-photos/ss-BBZPlYl?ocid=spartanntp#image=1

 

 

SWIMWEAR 2020

 

A sampling of trending swimwear for 2020.  Time to get ready for spring !

 

 

The Bandeau - Print: Cabana Stripe

The Bandeau – Print

https://www.wearlively.com/products/the-bandeau-print-cabana-stripe?variant

The Comeback of Animal Print

Spring/ Summer 2020 Swimwear Trends: Animal Printed Swimsuits & Bikinis

Flirty Florals

Spring/ Summer 2020 Swimwear Trends: Floral Printed Swimsuits & Bikinis

Tie-Dye

Spring/ Summer 2020 Swimwear Trends: Tie-Dye Swimsuits & Bikinis

High Waisted Bottoms

Spring/ Summer 2020 Swimwear Trends: High Waisted Bikini Bottoms

https://glowsly.com/spring-summer-swimwear-trends/

One piece swimwear trends 2020

One piece swimwear trends 2020

Stripes on womens swimsuits 2020

Stripes on womens swimsuits 2020

Tropical prints in womens swimwear 2020

Tropical and animal prints in womens swimwear 2020

bathing-suits-2020

https://stay-trendy.com/womens-swimsuits-2020/

https://supermompicks.com/cupshe-swimwear-review/?pp=0&epik=dj0

11 Grammar Mistakes Editors Hate the Most

By Molly Pennington & The Readers Digest

Slide 1 of 12: If you think you're (whoops!) your minor grammar errors are no big deal, think again! These little mistakes drive your readers crazy. Especially if that person happens to be an English teacher, college prof, word nerd, punctuation purist, or professional editor! Reader's Digest spoke with two grammar experts and uncovered the small mistakes you're making that can make any knowledgeable reader irrepressibly furious. Pay attention to these not-so-insignificant, easy-to-fix, and all-too-common grammar errors. Feeling like this doesn't apply to you? See if you can pass this high school grammar test—it's not as easy as you might think.

There you have it.  Food for thought from The Readers Digest.

https://www.msn.com/en-us/lifestyle/smart-living/11-grammar-mistakes-editors-hate-the-most/ss-BBZJ43C?ocid=spartanntp